Public holidays in China and basic information

Country name

People's Republic of China (China)


The one that arranged the yellow five-pointed star of five on red, national flag of the People's Republic of China, (five-star red flag, Pinyin: Wǔxīng hóngqí) five-star red flag has been called.
Yellow represents enlightenment, the red revolution, Oboshi represents a class of four workers, farmers, small asset class, patriotic capitalists each small four stars, the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party. Vertex of small star of all, faces the center of the Oboshi, this symbolizes that the people to unite under the center of one of the (Communist Party). It is believed that those referring to the national flag of the Soviet Union.

National emblem

National emblem of the People's Republic of China is a symbol of the People's Republic of China. Political Consultative Conference that was established by the national emblem on June 23, 1950.
There are Tiananmen golden under a five star is the center of the national emblem, star of pentagonal small four above the castle tower is located in a semi-circular arc, is located in the star top center of pentagonal one just big. Around the national emblem is represents the gear and wheat ear. Wheat ears and gear symbolizes the peasantry and proletariat in China, it symbolizes the spirit of the struggle of the Chinese people, star of five symbolizes the unity of the people hard across the country led the original is the Chinese Communist Party Tiananmen.

Time lag

Time difference between New York and China is 8 hours. (New York has 8 hour ahead)

Common language

Because it is a multi-ethnic nation, various dialects, Putonghua is the official language (Putonhowa'll usually). In the language plus the slightly revised on the basis of the northern Spanish who do not speak with young people due to the spread of such broadcasting here. You would normally study "Chinese" is also here. English and Cantonese also has become the official language in addition to the Mandarin in Hong Kong. (※ 1 ... Mandarin is one of the northern English)

○ seven major dialect
Cantonese (Cantonese)
Northern language (Mandarin dialect)
Wu language (English and Shanghai)
Hakka (Close and. Hakka and MinamiAkira-go)

General summery in China

Capital Beijing
area 9,596,960 km2
people 1.3 billion 41.33 million
Currency yuan (CNY)
Other (94% of the total) ethnic Han Chinese, there are 55 ethnic minorities. Zhuang, Uygur, Mongolian, Tibetan, Hui and Miao.
Religious freedom of worship are guaranteed by the Constitution religion ※ 2. Not state religion, Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, the main religion is Christianity.
※ religious education to the two minors are forbidden


January 1 New Year's Day of the year
March 8 celebrate the contribution of international society womankind clause woman
March 12th politics, the economy, etc.. Half-day women only anniversary of
June 1celebrate the promotion of the welfare of International Children clause children
July 23commemorate the establishment of the Chinese Communist Party of
July 1, 1921 the Chinese Communist Party built anniversary
August 1 celebrate the Nanchang Okoshigi (Jianjun clause, eighty-one denominated military clause) a day the Chinese People's Liberation Army Jianjun clause August 1927. Only half a day of active duty military personnel
September 2celebrate the fact that Japan signed a surrender document of the Allies. In 1945 September 3 Anti-Japanese War Victory Day.
September 10 clause teacher teacher. It was established by the National People's Conference in January 1985. None
October 1 (National Day 1949, one day (October, October 2, October 3. 3 days to celebrate the People's Republic of China Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China founded Country Kei-bushi October 1)
January 15 Lunar New Year Lantern clause Chinese calendar. And enjoy eating and watching the lanterns, the (food floated rice cake wrapped bean jam in the sweet soup) Lantern. None
February 2 Chinese calendarIt is also called the Spring agriculture clause "Ryuatama-setsu"
April 5 Secchi Ching Ming Ching Ming grave Chinese calendar. worship the ancestors. Single day
May 5 Dragon Boat Festival Dragon Boat Chinese calendar. It is said that had cast himself in Jiang Qu has lamented the fate of the motherland is the beginning (under discussion). You can eat Chimaki, to the dragon boat race. Single day
July 7 Tanabata ”clause" Chinese calendar. From legendary Cowherd and Shokujo met on the bridge of the Milky Way.
July 15 gifts clause "demon clause", "Feast of Lanterns clause" Chinese calendar, also called "July and a half". Obon. None
August 15th Chinese calendaMid-Autumn Festival moon-viewing, Family gathering, or the moon, eat moon cakes. Single day
September 9 Chinese calendarNinth Festival Double Ninth. Respect for the Aged Day. climb to a high place. None
December 8 Rohachi clause ancestor Chinese calendar. pray good harvest, auspicious. None
(December 24) or December 23 Chinese calendar year or small worship the God of Matsurikamado clause furnace from the legend that is sent to heaven the King furnace, ask them to determine the right and wrong of the stove king to God. None
Evening New Year's Eve 30 December dividing the Chinese calendar. Eating the New Year's Eve dish, squib. Single day
October 1 Hirakitoki clause "NikuTsutomu-bushi" Hijri. The end of Ramadan. No national holiday of Islam