Acropolis of Athens
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Area:Athens Plaka   genre: ancient ruins


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the highlights of Athens

In ancient Greece, the upper fortified part of a city, called Acropolis and its monuments are universal symbols of the classical spirit and civilization and form the greatest architectural and artistic complex bequeathed by Greek Antiquity to the world.
In the second half of the fifth century bc, Athens, following the victory against the Persians and the establishment of democracy, took a leading position amongst the other city-states of the ancient world. In the age that followed, as thought and art flourished, an exceptional group of artists put into effect the ambitious plans of Athenian statesman Pericles and, under the inspired guidance of the sculptor Pheidias, transformed the rocky hill into a unique monument of thought and the arts. The word “acropolis” means “high city” in Greek.

■Open hour:8:00 to 17:00
■Open 365 Days

The Parthenon

The Parthenon stands at the center of the Acropolis. The Parthenon stands at the center of the Acropolis. It is a former temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron. Construction began in 447 BC when the Athenian Empire was at the height of its power. It was completed in 438 BC although decoration of the building continued until 432 BC.


Erechtheion is an ancient Greek temple on the north side of the Acropolis of Athens in Greece which was dedicated to both Athena and Poseidon. It constructed on the acropolis of Athens between 421 and 406 BCE in the Golden Age of the city in order to house the ancient wooden cult statue of Athena and generally glorify the great city at the height of its power and influence. The Erechtheion was named after a legendary king of Athens.

photo by dorena-wm

Propylaea (Propylaia)

The Propylaea is the monumental entrance to the Acropolis. It was designed by the architect Mnesicles in 437-432 B.C. In front of the Propylaea is a massive pedestal of grey Hymettus marble on which once stood a quadriga sculpture honouring the king of Pergamon, Eumenes II, following his victory in the Panthenaic Games of 178 BCE. In the first century CE the plinth was re-used to bear the statues of Anthony and Cleopatra and following their collapse in a hurricane in 31 CE the monument was re-dedicated in 35 CE to Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa who was seen as a great benefactor to the city.


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